Like the rest of Sierra Leone, Freetown has a tropical climate with a rainy season - May through October, the balance of the year representing the dry season. The beginning and end of the rainy season is marked by strong thunder storms. Under the Koppen climate classification, Freetown has a Tropical monsoon climate primarily due to the heavy amount of precipitation it receives during the rainy season.

Freetown's high humidity is somewhat relieved November through February by the famous Harmattan, a gentle wind flowing down from the Sahara Desert affording Freetown its coolest period of the year. Average temperature ranges in Freetown are from 21 degrees Celsius (70 degrees Fahrenheit) to 31 degrees Celsius (88 degrees Fahrenheit) all year.

Official name: Republic of Sierra Leone
Capital: Freetown
Area: total: 71,740 sq km
land: 71,620 sq km
water: 120 sq km

Climate: tropical; hot, humid; summer rainy season (May to December);
winter dry season (December to April)

Location: Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between
Guinea and Liberia

Geographic coordinates: 8 30 N, 11 30 W
Comparative Area: slightly smaller than South Carolina
Land boundaries: total: 958 km
border countries: Guinea 652 km, Liberia 306 km
Coastline: 402 km

Terrain: coastal belt of mangrove swamps, wooded hill country, upland plateau,
mountains in east

Elevation extremes: lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Loma Mansa (Bintimani) 1,948 m


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