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Like the rest of Sierra Leone, Freetown has a tropical climate with a rainy season - May through October, the balance of the year representing the dry season. The beginning and end of the rainy season is marked by strong thunder storms. Under the Koppen climate classification, Freetown has a Tropical monsoon climate primarily due to the heavy amount of precipitation it receives during the rainy season.


Freetown's high humidity is somewhat relieved November through February by the famous Harmattan, a gentle wind flowing down from the Sahara Desert affording Freetown its coolest period of the year. Average temperature ranges in Freetown are from 21 degrees Celsius (70 degrees Fahrenheit) to 31 degrees Celsius (88 degrees Fahrenheit) all year.




Official name: Republic of Sierra Leone

Capital: Freetown

Area:           total: 71,740 sq km

land:                        71,620 sq km

water:                      120 sq km


Climate: tropical; hot, humid; summer rainy season (May to December);

                      winter dry season (December to April)


Location:  Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between  

               Guinea  and Liberia                


Geographic coordinates: 8 30 N, 11 30 W

Comparative Area:           slightly smaller than South Carolina

Land boundaries:           total: 958 km

border countries:                Guinea 652 km, Liberia 306 km

Coastline:                     402 km


Terrain: coastal belt of mangrove swamps, wooded hill country, upland plateau,

            mountains in east


Elevation extremes:         lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m

highest point:                    Loma Mansa (Bintimani) 1,948 m